India is home to so many rivers which includes both perennial as well as seasonal in nature. Northern rivers have their origin from the Himalayas and flow throughout the year. The major rivers in the northern half of India include one of the largest rivers of the world, namely the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and the … Read more


WHY UPSC PHYSICS OPTIONAL? he question arises as to why we should choose our optional as Physics. Is it too hard to crack or tot easy . we will discuss this today. For science students, physics may be considered as a jackpot for UPSC. This is because PHYSICS as a subject for optional has a … Read more

India and Maldives

 The Maldives is an archipelago of 1200 Coral islands spanning roughly 115 square miles. The Maldives is  Asia’s smallest Nation both by area and by population.  India was among the first to recognize the Maldives after its independence in 1965 and to establish diplomatic relations with the country.  India established its mission in Male in … Read more

India Sri Lanka

India Sri Lanka relationship is more than 2500 years old. Both countries share linguistic, religious, and ethnic ties. Sri Lanka, previously known as Ceylon became independent in 1948. Both countries share a broad understanding on major issues of international interests. In recent years both the countries are cooperating at levels Various levels in the field … Read more

India – Afghanistan

India – Afghanistan’s relationship is based on long historical and cultural links. Since ancient times, the peoples of Afghanistan and India have interacted with each other through trade and commerce, peaceful coexistence, shared cultural values and commonalities.  Afghanistan has been an important trading and craft centre for over 2000 years connecting India with the civilizations … Read more


As close neighbours, India and Nepal share unique ties of friendship and cooperation characterized by an open border and deep-rooted people-to-people ties of kinship and culture. There has been a long tradition of free movement of people across India Nepal border. Nepal shares a border of over 1850 km with five Indian states namely Sikkim, … Read more


India and Bhutan established their diplomatic relationship in 1968 with the establishment of a special office of India in Thimpu. The basic framework of bilateral relations lies in the treaty of Friendship and Cooperation signed in 1949 and revised in February 2007. The Golden Jubilee of establishment of formal diplomatic relationship between India and Bhutan was celebrated in … Read more


In 1971, the war of independence between east Pakistan(Bangladesh) and the West Pakistan , the independence of Bangladesh, India was the first country to recognise Bangladesh as a separate and independent nation and established diplomatic relations immediately after its independence. Our relationship is based on the shared values of secularism, democracy, and various other commonalities … Read more